The following instructions for making lotion also apply to creams. Use 1- and 2- cup measurers for lotions between 5 and 15 oz and 2- and 4- cup measurers for lotions between 15 and 30 oz. If you are using emulsifying wax as your emulsifier, then use the larger cup for the water base since you will be pouring the oil/wax mixture into the water base. If you are using beeswax/borax as your emulsifier, then use the larger cup for the oil/wax mixture since you will be pouring the water base into it.
1. Start off by weighing the measuring cup for the oil and emulsifier and zero out the scale if you have the tare function. If not, take note of the weight.
2. Add and weigh the oil.
3. Add and weigh the emulsifier in the same measuring cup as the oil.
4. Heat the oil and emulsifier(s) in a water bath over the stove, on medium/low.
5. In a separate saucepan, boil water.
6. Meanwhile, weigh the measuring cup for the water base and zero out the scale, if applicable.
7. While the water is boiling, add and weigh the other water base ingredients, if any.
8. Pour and weigh the boiling water with the rest of the water base. Remove the cup off the scale.
9. When the oil/emulsifier mixture has melted, pour it into the water base mixture.
10. At this point, the mixture is still warm and should have the consistency of skim milk.
11-a1. If you plan to store your product in bottles, wait until the mixture has cooled off slightly yet is still pourable. Then, stir it just before filling the bottles. Otherwise, it will be difficult to get the lotion into the bottles once it has thickened. If you did not use a measuring cup with a spout, then use a funnel. If you are using malibu tubes like these, place it inside a cup to hold it upright.
11-a2. At this time, add optional ingredients to personalize the individual lotions.
11-a3. You can use colored caps to differentiate your creation. Leave the cap off to let it cool.
11-a4. If you are making a thin lotion, you will sometimes notice a slight separation as it cools, where the top is more opaque and becomes translucent towards the bottom.
11-a5. Just before the lotion cools off completely, simply cap and give it a vigorous shake. If after the lotion is completely cool and you still notice some separation, put the bottle in a cup of hot water and repeat this step.
11-a6. Your final product should have a consistent color throughout. Pictured is our Basic Hydrating lotion.
11-b1. If you are making a protective cream using beeswax/borax as the emulsifier, turn off the stove and start mixing with an electric hand-held mixer until the mixture becomes homogeneous.
11-b2. Remove the cup off the stove and continue mixing as it cools. When the cream becomes too thick for the mixer, use the mixer as a whisk and continue mixing.